Castelul de la Targoviste * Castle of Targoviste

Principatul Valahia / Principat of Valahia


    Legile Principatului Valahia / The Law in Principat of Valahia

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    Morosanu

    Posts : 417
    Join date : 2009-06-03

    Legile Principatului Valahia / The Law in Principat of Valahia

    Post  Morosanu on Sun Jun 14, 2009 4:27 pm

    Below please find The Law in Principat of Valahia at the date of 26.IX.1459. Not all paragraphs were translated except those of interest to foreign citizens.


    THE LAW IN PRINCIPAT OF VALAHIA

    __________________________________


    __________________________________

    BOOK I

    I. Generalities

    1.1 Valahia is a principality, under its own sovereingnity and independency. Its unity cannot undergo any separation.

    1.2.1 Its sovereignity is property of valahian people, and is applied by officials, which are elected periodically through voting.
    1.2.2 No group, neither an individual may claim sovereignity of the state at its own will.

    1.3 Principat of Valahia is based on the unity of its people and their solidarity.

    1.4 Principat of Valahia encourages the interaction with its citizens travelling outside the borders in their development of ethnic, linguistic or religious habbits by respecting the law of the country they live in.

    1.5 Principat of Valahia has the obligation to respect all responsibilities derived from the treaties signed with other countries.

    1.6 Oficial language in Principat of Valahia is ROMANIAN.

    1.7 Official headquarters of diplomatic activity is to be found here http://targovistecastle.forumotion.com/

    1.8 The flag of Principat of Valahia has an eagle and 3 colors placed horizontaly in top-down order: blue, yellow and red.



    1.9 Official seal for Principat of Valahia is:



    1.10 Treaties signed by Principat de Valahia are above Valahian law.

    1.11 June, 18 is national day of Principat de Valahia.
    (June 18, 1455 is the day when Principat de Valahia was proclaimed as independent County)
    _________________

    II. Citizens rights and responsibilities

    2.2 Foreing citizens visiting Principat of Valahia.
    2.2.1 Foreign citizens should know and abide the law in Principat of Valahia.
    2.2.2 Foreign citizens standing on valahian ground have the right to a fair trial.
    2.2.3 Foreign citizens standing on valahian ground have the right to notice the Public Prosecutor on any illegal facts, and the right to ask for a trial against the lawbreaker based on strong evidence.
    2.2.4 Foreign citizens have the freedom to express their thoughts as long as they are not against game rules or valahian law. The official language in Principat of Valahia is Romanian.
    _________________

    III. Slavery

    3.0
    a) Salary for miners is between 15 and 15.50 ducati. It can differ from mine to mine and is established by the Coulcil, according to County needs.
    b) Salary for soldiers is 15 ducati.
    c) Minimum salary for Town Hall militia is 5 ducati.

    3.1 Slavery means hiring a player for a wage smaller than:
    - 16 ducati, for players with 0 stats;
    - 17 ducati, for players with stats between 1 and 18;
    - 18 ducati, for players with stats greater than 18.

    3.2 Only the hired citizen is permitted to ask for a trial against the employer.

    3.3 Slavery is punished with a fine of 25 ducati, or 50 ducati in case of recidivism.

    3.4 The complaining party and the accused can make a deal once the trial has begun. The complaining party must confess his/her wish to a minimum fine for the crime. The accused will be declared guilty and will be fined 1 ducati.
    NB: An agreement between parts does not oblige to a compensation of the complaining party. However such compensation may be accomplished in a public manner by stating the trasactions to be performed on the forum of the city in the topic designated for contracts.
    NB: During the process the accused may prove that s(he) made a donation to the County or the Town Hall where the crime happened, equal to half of the minimum fine. As a consequence s(he) will receive a fine of 1 ducati at the end of the process. The number of days in jail won’t be reduced. The accused should contact the judge for information about the fine.[/color]
    _________________

    V. Treason

    5.2
    a) Attacking the castle is against the law. It can be punished with a fine or by jail, according to judge’s decision.
    b) Replacing the council by force is punished by prison. The former Council remains the official governing power and has the authority to regain control of the castle by all means.

    5.4 Oficial language in Principat of Valahia is Romanian. The usage of foreign languages in public places is forbidden unless an adequate translation is provided. Initially the Public Prosecutor will issue a warning. S(he) will start a trial, unless a proper translation is provided or the subject continues to break the law. The fine for such a crime is:
    -15 ducati, for level 0
    -30 ducati, for level 1
    -50 ducati, for level 2
    -70 ducati, for level 3
    Public places are: Town Hall (in game and on the forum), the Castle, the Court, forum of Principat of Valahia.
    Foreign citizens are allowed to use English in Court. Public Prosecutor and the Judge are obliged to accept statements in English (it is recommended they ask for assistance in the Council or from other citizens in case they do not speak English, and it is recommended their statements and verdict be translated in English too).
    In taverns English is allowed when speaking to foreign citizens.

    5.5 False testimony in Court is punished with a 300 ducati fine and 3 days in jail.

    NB: During the process the accused may prove that s(he) made a donation to the County or the Town Hall where the crime happened, equal to half of the minimum fine. As a consequence s(he) will receive a fine of 1 ducati at the end of the process. The number of days in jail won’t be reduced. The accused should contact the judge for information about the fine.
    _________________

    VI. Fraud

    6.1 Price caps - Pricipat of Valahia has price caps for the following goods:
    wheat = 13.10
    corn = 3.80
    wood = 3.80
    iron = 20

    6.1.1.1. Citizens younger than 1 month, which do not abide this law, will be punished with a fine 5 times the difference between the selling prince and the price caps for the sold products. In case the accused is older than 1 month, an extra day in jail is added to its punishment.
    6.1.1.2. Recidivists younger than one month will receive a fine multiplied by the number of times they broke the law, according to records hold by the Public Prosecutor. In case their age is older than one month, the number of days spent in jail becomes 3.

    6.1.2.1. It is against the law to sell menus containing 2 bags of corn at a price higher than 7.98 ducati. The accused will be punished with a fine 15 times the difference between the selling price and legal price. This fine doubles in case the price is not changed until the end of the trial.
    6.1.2.2. In case of recidivism the fine is multiplied by the number of times the accused broke the law, according to records hold by the Public Prosecutor.

    6.1.3.1. Except the accused is a recidivist s(he) may regain its products in order to avoid a trial. Still s(he) is subject to Public Prosecutor database. This database is to be published by the Public Prosecutor on the town forum.

    Appendix:

    1. Before the trial, the complaining person should try convincing the accused to buy back his(her) products for the same price they were initially sold. The time for such an initiative should last no more than 4 days (2 days to receive the answer and another 2 for the transactions). The trial will start 4 days after the acusation was initiated. NB: These trasactions are not against the law as long as there is a proof of the initial transactions.

    6.2 Dumping - If you are a foreign citizen it is against the law to sell products at prices higher than those listed below and you will be punished with a fine 20% the value of the sold products (considering price caps). For recidivists the fine is raised to 35%.

    Food

    corn : 3.80
    bread : 6.40
    meat : 18.80
    fruit/vegetable : 10.30
    fish : 19.10
    milk : 9.10

    Weaver's products

    shoes : 26.35
    poulaines : 69.85
    boots : 85.85
    women/men hoses : 46.25
    trousers : 70.65
    skirt : 134.65
    women/men shirt : 119.45
    waistcoat : 133.85
    dresses : 257.45
    mantles : 268.85
    cloack : 182.65
    tunic : 248.25
    corset : 133.85
    overalls : 117.85
    collar : 70.65
    belt : 37.85
    rope belt : 50.05
    hat : 53.85
    toque : 53.85
    headscarf : 46.25
    headdress : 78.25
    shield : 69.85

    Carpenter's products

    unhooped bucket : 25.65
    hull : 33.25
    oar : 25.65
    boat : 109.85
    small ladder : 25.65
    big ladder : 75.45
    shaft : 8.50
    blunted axe : 134.95

    Blacksmith's products

    knife : 15.20
    bucket : 42.00
    steel ounce : 49.45
    unforged blade : 76.25
    unsharpened blade : 103.05
    blunted axe : 134.95
    sharpened axe : 157.95
    sword blade : 103.05
    blunt sword : 176.65
    sword : 199.65
    helmet : 155.05

    Other materials

    wood : 3.80
    iron : 20.00
    wheat bag : 12.75
    flour : 15.30
    hundredweights of cow : 32.65
    half-hundredweights of pig : 16.35
    wool : 12.00
    hides : 15.70

    NB: During the process the accused may prove that s(he) made a donation to the County or the Town Hall where the crime happened, equal to half of the minimum fine. As a consequence s(he) will receive a fine of 1 ducati at the end of the process. The number of days in jail won’t be reduced. The accused should contact the judge for information about the fine.
    _________________

    VII. Public disorder

    7.1 Stealing
    7.1.1 Stealing is against the law and is punished by jail (1 day for level 1, 2 days for level 2, and 3 days for level 3+) and a fine two times the amount stolen. The amount and products stolen are considered those declared by the injured person. The accused may appeal the declared amount with solid proof. In case of agreement between the accused and the injured, the injured should reveal this in his statement as witness in Court, and the accused will be declared guilty and will be jailed for 1 day. If this crime repeats for the 2nd time, the punishment is 3 times the amount stolen. 3rd time the punishment gets 4 times the stolen amount. 4th time the punishment is sentence to death.
    7.1.2 A failed thievery is punished by jail (1 day for level 1, 2 days for level 2, and 3 days for level 3+).
    7.1.3 Anyone attacking a Town Hall with or without Council consent will be fined 2 times the amount stolen (money and goods) and will be jailed accordingly: 1 day for level 1, 2 days for level 2, and 3 days for level 3+.

    7.2 Killing
    Killing is punished by death.
    7.2.1 A person which kills while defending itself or the group, against thievery, cannot be charged of any crime.

    7.3 Insulting The Court
    7.3.1 Insulting the Court, the witnesses or any participant in a trial is punished by law with a 50 ducati fine. The fine doubles for repeated injury.
    7.3.2 You are permited to use Romanian or English (foreign citizens only) in Court, otherwise you may be punished with a 50 ducati fine.
    Public Prosecutor and the Judge are obliged to accept foreigners' statements in English (it is recommended they ask for assistance in the Council or from other citizens in case they do not speak English, and it is recommended their statements and verdict be translated in English too).

    7.4 Attack against the Town Hall
    7.4.1 Taking control of a Town Hall by force, without consent form the Council, and without stealing money or goods is punished by a 250 ducati fee and jail: 1 day for lelvel 0 or 1, 2 days for level 2, 3 days for level 3+.
    7.4.2 A failed revolt against the Town Hall, without Council consent is punished by jail: 1 day for level 0 or 1, 2 days for level 2, 3 days for level 3+.
    7.4.3 A fine between 50 and 200 ducati is added to the punishment, in case the crime mentioned in 7.4.2 did not occur for the first time. If the same crime is commited 4th time, the punishment is established to 10 days in jail and a fee of 400 ducati. The punishment for 5th time is death.
    7.4.4 In case a mayor resigns or is eradicated its Town Hall may be attacked with the written authorization of the Count. In its absence The Trade Minister is allowed to make such an authorization. If none is capable to take a decision in time, in the same day, The Sheriff is charged with such an authority.

    7.5 Illegal campaign
    Mayors are not allowed to use mayor’s message or Town Hall Announcements with the purpose of electoral campaign. Such an act is punished with a fine of 500 ducati.

    NB: During the process the accused may prove that s(he) made a donation to the County or the Town Hall where the crime happened, equal to half of the minimum fine. As a consequence s(he) will receive a fine of 1 ducati at the end of the process. The number of days in jail won’t be reduced. The accused should contact the judge for information about the fine.

    7.6 Statements about real life
    7.6.1 Any citizen stating injuries inside the taverns addressed to another citizen's real life will be accused by public disorder. The trial may begin based on screenshots, only if he injured person complains about such acts. The punishment is 3 to 5 days in jail and a fee between 100 and 500 ducati.
    _________________

    X. The Harbor

    10.1 Generalities
    10.1.1 Any harbor has a chief proposed by population and approved by Council with a majority of votes.
    10.1.2 Ships may anchor in the harbor having harbor chief’s approval, with some exceptions:
    a) ships with previous problems;
    b) ships carrying personnel with previous problems;
    c) ships which refuse to give details on personnel;
    d) ships carrying armies.
    10.1.3 At the time of anchoring the priority is given to ships representing an important factor for the Council such as: import, export, soldier carriage.
    10.1.4 During anchoring, commanders have the responsibility to make the chief harbor aware of anchoring moment and duration, its personnel before and all the time after until leaving and their purpose.
    10.1.5 The crew and the commander do not have the right to buy products in low quantities on the Valahian markets. They must contact the Trade Minister for such purposes in order to start negotiations.
    10.1.6 Any ship may require repairs. The costs for a life point are as follows:
    Barge : 10 wood, 5 workers;
    Failed Hulk : 10 wood, 5 workers;
    Cog : 15 wood, 5 workers;
    Carrack : 15 wood, 5 workers;
    Battle Cog : 15 wood, 5 fier, 5 workers;
    Battle Carrack : 15 wood, 5 fier, 5 workers;
    Genovese ship : 10 wood, 5 workers;
    Genovese warship : 15 wood, 5 fier, 5 workers.
    10.1.7 Any citizen may request the construction of a ship. The costs and taxes are as follows:
    Barge
    Cost of building the site: 500 ducati
    Hull: 4 carpenters, 30 wood bushels
    Rigging and finishing touches: 2 workers, 1 small sail
    Failed Hulk
    Cost of building the site: 500 ducati
    Hull: 10 carpenters, 120 wood bushels
    Mast construction: 5 labourers, 1 mast
    Rigging and finishing touches: 2 labourers, 1 large sail
    Cog
    Cost of building the site: 1,500 ducati
    Hull : 10 carpenters, 400 wood bushels
    Mast construction : 5 labourers, 1 mast
    Rigging and finishing touches: 2 labourers, 1 large sail
    Carrack
    Cost of building the site: 2,500 ducati
    Hull : 15 carpenters, 600 wood bushels
    Mast construction : 5 labourers, 2 masts
    Rigging : 4 labourers, 2 large sails
    Finishing touches : 5 labourers, 3 small sails
    Battle Cog
    Cost of building the site: 2,000 ducati
    Hull : 20 carpenters, 800 wood bushels
    Mast construction: 5 labourers, 1 mast
    Rigging : 2 labourers, 1 large sail
    Military set up: 5 blacksmiths, 70 iron
    Battle Carrack
    Cost of building the site: 4,000 ducati
    Hull: 30 carpenters, 1200 wood bushels
    Mast construction: 6 labourers, 2 masts
    Rigging: 4 labourers, 2 large sails
    Finishing touches: 5 labourers, 5 small sails
    Military set up: 10 blacksmiths, 140 iron
    Genovese Ship
    Cost of building the site: 500 ducati
    Hull: 10 carpenters, 120 wood bushels
    Mast construction: 5 labourers, 1 mast
    Rigging and finishing touches: 2 labourers, 1 large sail
    Genovese Warship
    Cost of building the site: 700 ducati
    Hull: 10 carpenters, 300 wood bushels
    Mast construction: 5 labourers, 1 mast
    Rigging: 2 labourers, 1 large sail
    Military set up: 5 blacksmiths, 70 iron

    10.2 The Harbor Master
    10.2.10 The Harbor Master has the obligation to announce the legal Mayor of the port-town the taxes that has to be applied to foreign citizens docking inside the port:
    a) initial docking tax is 25 ducati and includes 7 stationary days;
    b) starting with day 8, the tax is 5 ducati/day; the tax is payed to the mayor through transaction of goods in the favor of the town;
    c) the docking tax for periods shorter than a week is 5 ducati/day, which will be payed to the Town Hall;
    d) repairing days won't be taxed if the repairing is performed in an emergency state with goods from personal inventory;
    e) docking tax is to be applied only to foreign citizens; foreign citizens who wish to change their nationality will pay the tax until it happens so;
    f) every Sunday, the tax will be donated to the County through cooperation between The Mayor of the port-town and The Trade Minister in charge at that moment;
    g) breaking these laws is subject to Trial under rules against Treason in The Court of Law.
    _________________

    XII. Contracts

    12.1 The contract is an agreement between 2 or several persons or groups. Through this agreement each part has the duty and/or the right to give and/or receive to/from the other part(s) a good, a service, an amount of money.
    12.2 The contracts provide rights and impose obligations only for the signatory parts without affecting third parties, in which case the transactions on the markets will be according to the general rules of the game.
    12.3 Contracts have a written form, they must be posted on Forum for validity, and must be accepted by all parts implied. In case access on the forum is restricted to some parts, they must send in game message to another part signing the contract. A screenshot with such proof must be attached to the contract, on the Forum, for its validity. This message must also contain the following text: "Accept sa fie facut public acest mesaj" (I accept this message to be made public).
    12.4 In case of contracts written in a foreign language, they must be translated for validity.
    12.5 Breaking the contract is sanctioned by a fee representing twice the sum involved in the contract, plus some interest if specified in the contract. In case the broken obligations do not consist in money, but goods or products, their value will be considered at the price established in the contract. In case of exchange contracts, the value of the undelivered products will be considered the one in the law as price caps or dumping prices.
    12.6 Unsolved situations may be solved by mutual agreement between signatory parts, otherwise they will become subject to trial in Court.

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    __________________________________

    BOOK II - THE COUNCIL

    VI. Martial law

    6.1 Martial law may be activated by the Council for serious reasons such as natural calamity, state of siege, etc. Below please find restrictions imposed by martial law:
    - borders are closed to anyone except allies
    - the roads may be blocked by armies. A message will be displayed initially, and mayors will be informed.
    - all foreign citizens should write a letter to the Constable explaining their reason in these lands.
    - all local citizens traveling outside Valahian borders should return the their home lands immediately. In case they cannot return immediately, they should inform the Constable and give details on their situation.

    __________________________________


    __________________________________

    BOOK V - STATE OF WAR

    The length of state of war is dependent on the possibility of war danger. During war state, the a new set of laws become valid along the existing ones. These laws must have as direct effect the maintenance of strict order inside the County during the critical period. Breaking the laws may result in severe punishment. The state of war is enabled and disabled through official announcement by the Council.

    Art.1 Safety of the cities
    1.1 During the state of war, the safety of the cities is extremely important. Therefore anybody trying to attack a Town Hall without Council consent, will be punished by jail (number of days according to the level) and a fine of 1000 ducati.

    Art. 2 Borders safety
    Crossing the borders during state of war is forbidden without a previous consent and announcement from the Council or other responsible persons.
    2.3 Foreigners caught during the state of war into the valahian territory should contact the officials about their return to home country. If they wish to remain inside Principat of Valahia, they must declare their intentions in order to receive approval from the Count. Otherwise, they will be trialed in Court for treason, thus risking a big fine and some days spent in jail.

    Art. 4 You must have approval from the Count in order to raise an army or armed group during the state of war, otherwise all members of the army or armed groups will be trialed for treason.

    Art. 6 During the state of war, the punishment for fraud with meat, shields or swords is three times harsher than the normal case (in times of peace).

    Art. 7 Soldier rights
    7.1 Soldiers of any army will not be responsible for killing or hurting soldiers from other armies during battles, except when innocent people are involved, which are not part of any army or armed group/retinue. In such a case only the leader of the army is made responsible.
    7.2 During war state or martial law state, any person inside an armed group/retinue is considered a combatant and may be attacked without repercussions.
    __________________________________


    __________________________________

    Deecree no. 1 / 1457

    Art.1 Applying for a job inside the marshal groups, without previous consent from the Constable, is forbidden by law. These jobs have the following description: Biroul comisarului cauta un maresal...

    Art.2 The Constable will warn those who entered a marshal group without his/her consent. Ignoring the warnings would result in a trial for public disorder. The fine is 50 ducati per each day spent in the marshal group.

    Morosanu Matei

      Current date/time is Sun Dec 04, 2016 6:18 pm